Pueblo Colorado

The City of Pueblo (IPA: /ˈpwɛbloʊ/) is a Home Rule Municipality that is the county seat and the most populous city of Pueblo County, Colorado, United States.[2] The population was 102,121 at the 2000 census.

Pueblo is situated at the confluence of the Arkansas River and Fountain Creek 103 miles (166 km) south of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver. The area is considered to be semi-arid with approximately 14 inches (350 mm) of precipitation annually; however with its location in the “banana belt,” Pueblo tends to get less snow than the other major cities in Colorado. Pueblo is the heart of the Pueblo Metropolitan Statistical Area and an important part of the Front Range Urban Corridor.[2]. Many consider Pueblo to be the economic hub of southeastern Colorado and northern New Mexico. Because of this some people call Pueblo “Colorado’s second city,” although Pueblo is no longer the second largest city by population. Pueblo is one of the largest steel-producing cities in the United States, because of this Pueblo is referred to as the “steel city.” It is now home to a number of electronics and aviation companies. The Historic Arkansas River Project (HARP) is a beautiful river walk that graces the historic Union Avenue district. It shows the history of the Pueblo Flood.

It is the hometown of Damon Runyon, who never returned after 1911 or so, but mentioned Pueblo in many of his newspaper columns (notably his “Our Old Man” pieces). Pueblo is also the home of Dutch Clark, the first man from Colorado in the NFL hall of fame. Pueblo’s largest football stadium is named after him. At this stadium is where the oldest high school rivalry west of the Mississippi takes place, The Bell Game, which is played by The Pueblo Central Wildcats and the Pueblo Centennial Bulldogs.

Pueblo City Hall.Pueblo is the hometown of four Medal of Honor recipients – Drew D. Dix, Raymond G. Murphy, William J. Crawford, and Carl L. Sitter. President Dwight D. Eisenhower upon presenting Raymond G. “Jerry” Murphy with his Medal in 1953 commented, “What is it…something in the water out there in Pueblo? All you guys turn out to be heroes!”. In 1993, The City Council adopted the tagline “Home of Heroes” because it can claim more recipients per capita than any other city in the United States. On July 1, 1993, the Congressional Record recognized Pueblo as the “Home of Heroes” (http://www.pueblo.org/homeofheroes/. There is a memorial to the recipients of the medal at the Pueblo Convention Center. Central High School is known as the “School of Heroes”, as it is the alma mater of two recipients, Sitter and Crawford, more than any other high school in the country.

The art room at the Buell Childrens Museum, which was ranked the #2 children’s museum in the United States by Child Magazine.[5]
The Pueblo County Courthouse.Pueblo is the home to Colorado’s largest single event, the Colorado State Fair, held annually in the late summer, and the largest parade, the state fair parade, as well as and an annual Chili Festival.

The National Street Rod Association’s Rocky Mountain Street Rod Nationals have been held in Pueblo for 23 years, and this is the region’s largest and premier street rod event.

The highways U.S. Highway 50 and Interstate 25 cross each other at Pueblo, possibly making it the second most important intersection in the state, after I-70 and I-25 in Denver. The local airport, Pueblo Memorial Airport, lies to the east of the city. It is home to the Pueblo Weisbrod Aircraft Museum (named for Fred Weisbrod, late city manager), reflecting the airport’s beginnings as an Army Air Corps base in 1943. Pueblo Transit provides bus service six days a week throughout the city. Due to the growth of the Pueblo Metro Area they are considering forming a regional transportation district so they can serve some of Pueblo’s fastest growing suburbs.

Pueblo may be best known as the home of the Federal Citizen Information Center, operated by the General Services Administration, and its Consumer Information Catalog. For some 30 years, TV commercials have invited Americans to write for information at “Pueblo, Colorado, 81009” (though the official address is Post Office Box 100). In recent times GSA has incorporated Pueblo into FCIC’s toll-free telephone number (1-888-8 PUEBLO) and web address (www.pueblo.gsa.gov).

The Pueblo city council is in the process of annexing over 24,000 acres (97 km2) north of Pueblo, owned by a Las Vegas development company, to be called the Pueblo Springs Ranch. This development has the potential of being one of the largest planned communities in the country, and will nearly double Pueblo’s land area. According to the Pueblo Chieftain, the development will include residential area as well as a major tech park.

Downtown Pueblo street and Sacred Heart Cathedral.George Simpson, among other traders and trappers such as Mathew Kinkead, claimed to have helped construct the plaza that became known as El Pueblo or Fort Pueblo around 1842. George married Juana Maria Suaso and lived there for a year or two before moving; however, Simpson had no legal title to the land. The adobe structures were built with the intention of settlement and trade next to the Arkansas River, which then formed the U.S./Mexico border. About a dozen families lived there, trading with Native American tribes for hides, skins, livestock, as well as (later) cultivated plants, and liquor. Evidence of this trade, as well as other utilitarian goods, such as Native American pottery shards were found at the recently excavated site. According to accounts of residents who traded at the plaza (including that of George Simpson), the fort was raided sometime between December 23 and December 25, 1854, by Native American Ute Tribe and Jacarilla Apache tribes. They allegedly killed between fifteen and nineteen men, one woman, and captured two children. The trading post was abandoned after the raid, but it became important again between 1858 and 1859 during the Colorado Gold Rush of 1859.[6]

The current city of Pueblo represents the consolidation of four towns: Pueblo (incorporated 1870), South Pueblo (incorporated 1873), Central Pueblo (incorporated 1882), and Bessemer (incorporated 1886). Pueblo, South Pueblo, and Central Pueblo legally consolidated as the City of Pueblo between March 9 and April 6 of 1886. Bessemer joined Pueblo in 1894[7].[8][9]

The consolidated city was once a major economic and social center of Colorado, and was home to important early Colorado families the Thatchers, Ormans and Adams. Until a series of major floods culminated in the Great Flood of 1921, Pueblo was considered the ‘Saddle-Making capital of the World’. Roughly one-third of Pueblo’s downtown businesses were lost in this flood, along with a substantial number of buildings. Pueblo has long struggled to come to grips with this loss, and has only recently begun a resurgence in growth.[10]

The economic situation of Pueblo was further exacerbated by the decline of American steel in the 1970s and 1980s, and Pueblo still actively seeks to diversify its economic base. The City features a river walk, extensive trail system, industrial park, and revitalized downtown area to this effect.

[edit] The Steel Mill

The foundation, stoves, and powerhouse of A-FurnaceThe main industry in Pueblo for most of its history was the Colorado Fuel and Iron (CF&I) steel mill on the south side of town. The steel-market crash of 1982 lead to the decline of the company. After going through several bankruptcies, the company was acquired by Oregon Steel Mills and recently changed its name to Rocky Mountain Steel Mills. Since the acquisition, the company has been plagued with labor problems, mostly due to accusations of unfair labor practices. The problems culminated with a major strike in 1997, leading to most of the workforce being replaced.

Of the many production and fabrication mills which once existed on the site, only the steel production (electric furnaces, used for scrap recycling), rail, rod, bar, and seamless tube mills are still in operation. The wire mill was sold in the late 1990s to Davis Wire, which still produces products such as fence and nails under the CF&I brand name.

The facility operated blast furnaces until 1982, when the bottom fell out of the steel market. The main blast furnace structures were torn down in 1989, but due to asbestos content, many of the adjacent stoves still remain. The stoves and foundations for some of the furnaces can be easily seen from Interstate 25, which runs parallel to the plant’s west boundary.

Several of the administration buildings, including the main office building, dispensary, and tunnel gatehouse were purchased in 2003 by the Bessemer Historical Society. They are currently undergoing renovation. In addition to housing the historic CF&I Archives, the first phase of the project has been turned into the Steelworks Museum of Industry and

Presidential Visits
President Woodrow Wilson, on a speaking tour to gather support for the entry of the United States into the League of Nations, collapsed on September 25, 1919 following a speech in Pueblo. He suffered a stroke a week later which incapacitated him for the rest of his presidency.

Theodore “Teddy” Roosevelt, arrived at the Pueblo Union Depot in order to lay the first brick down for the Y.M.C.A. and check the water resources in Colorado.

President George H.W. Bush (when he was Vice President) had come to the Pueblo Nature Center’s Raptor Center to release an American Bald Eagle that had its wings healed.

Other national leaders to visit Pueblo include President John F Kennedy, President William J. Clinton, Senator John F. Kerry, and Vice President Albert Gore.

[edit] The State Hospital
Historically the other major employer in Pueblo was the State Hospital, which formerly served the entire state. Established in 1879 as the Colorado State Insane Asylum it was known as the Colorado State Hospital after 1917. In 1991, the name was changed to the Colorado Mental Health Institute at Pueblo (CMHIP). Currently they are building a new Forensic Medium and Maximum Security center. This will be a new state-of-the-art 200-bed high security Forensic Institute. http://www.cdhs.state.co.us/cmhip/aboutus.htm

[edit] Education
Pueblo is home to Colorado State University-Pueblo (CSU-Pueblo), formerly the University of Southern Colorado and before that Southern Colorado State College. It is part of the Colorado State University System, with about 6,000 students. On May 8, 2007, CSU-Pueblo got approval from the Board of Governors of the Colorado State University System to bring back football with an expected start date of the fall of 2008. CSU-Pueblo will be a part of the Rocky Mountain Athletic Conference and will play their home games at the Thunderbowl, a new stadium at CSU-Pueblo which will hold over 11,000 people.

Pueblo Community College (PCC) is a two-year, public, comprehensive community college, one of thirteen community colleges within the Colorado Community College System (CCCS). It operates three campuses serving a widely dispersed eight-county region in Southern Colorado. The main campus is located in Pueblo and serves Pueblo County. The Fremont Campus is located approximately 35 miles (56 km) west of Pueblo in Canon City and serves Fremont and Custer Counties. The Southwest Campus, 280 miles (450 km) southwest of Pueblo, serves Montezuma, Dolores, La Plata, San Juan, and Archuleta counties. PCC is a Hispanic Serving Institution as designated by the Federal Government. Approximately 5,000 students attend PCC per semester.

Pueblo is located at 38°16′1″N, 104°37′13″W (38.266933, -104.620393)[11].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 45.4 square miles (117.5 km²), of which, 45.1 square miles (116.8 km²) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.8 km²) of it (0.66%) is water.

Historical populations
Census Pop. %±
1880 3,217 —
1890 24,558 663.4%
1900 28,157 14.7%
1910 41,747 48.3%
1920 43,050 3.1%
1930 50,096 16.4%
1940 52,162 4.1%
1950 63,685 22.1%
1960 91,181 43.2%
1970 97,453 6.9%
1980 101,686 4.3%
1990 98,640 −3%
2000 102,121 3.5%

The river walk, still under construction, is popular among residents and sits in the shadow of the city’s industrial past.As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 102,121 people, 40,307 households, and 26,118 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,265.5 people per square mile (874.6/km²). There were 43,121 housing units at an average density of 956.6/sq mi (369.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 76.21% White, 2.41% African American, 1.73% Native American, 0.67% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 15.20% from other races, and 3.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 44.13% of the population.

According to the 2005 Census estimates, the city had grown to an estimated population of 103,495[13] and had become the ninth most populous city in the State of Colorado and the 242nd most populous city in the United States.

There were 40,307 households out of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.5% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.2% were non-families. 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,650, and the median income for a family was $35,620. Males had a median income of $29,702 versus $22,197 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,026. About 13.9% of families and 17.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.3% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.

Pueblo Museum building sign, 2007.Pueblo Memorial Airport
Pueblo Historical Aircraft Society
Pueblo Weisbrod Aircraft Museum

[edit] Notable natives and residents
Grant Withers, Hollywood leading actor, from the silents to 1950s.
David Packard, co-founder of Hewlett-Packard.
John Meston, script writer and co-creator of the CBS Western television series Gunsmoke
Damon Runyon, newspaperman and writer.
Kelly Reno, child actor from The Black Stallion.
Dick Martin, of Rowan & Martin’s Laugh-In, lived for a time in the McClelland Orphanage in Pueblo.
Dave Feamster, ice hockey player and business man
Jeff Valdez, comedian, producer, and founder of the cable channel SíTV
Earl (Dutch) Clark-played for the Detroit Lions from 1934-1938, and was inducted into the NFL hall of fame.

[edit] Pueblo in popular culture
In the South Park episode The Losing Edge, Pueblo is one of the towns in which the South Park team competes.
In the South Park episode Quest For Ratings, Pueblo is shown on the crayon-drawn Weather Map during the Weather segment (roughly 8 minutes in).
Pueblo Chamber of Commerce
Pueblo, Colorado is at coordinates 38°16′01″N 104°37′13″W / 38.266933, -104.620393 (Pueblo, Colorado)Coordinates: 38°16′01″N 104°37′13″W / 38.266933, -104.620393 (Pueblo, Colorado)



1 Comment »

  1. dino3535 Said:

    Zebra Mussels detected in Lake Pueblo State Park

    Recent sampling efforts between the Colorado Division of Wildlife (DOW) and Colorado State Parks personnel detected the presence zebra mussels at Lake Pueblo State Park. Two adult mussels and one immature specimen were found on substrate sampling gear, and the larva (veliger) was found by performing plankton tows.

    The DOW and Parks personnel have been conducting field sampling efforts for several years to evaluate waters across Colorado for the presence of aquatic invasive species. These efforts are targeted toward locating and monitoring potential introductions of invasive species that can be environmentally and economically detrimental to the state, its wildlife and recreation resources.

    Additional sampling at Lake Pueblo State Park to determine the degree of infestation and exact mussel species is planned for this winter and spring. State Parks and the DOW are planning a concerted effort to notify recreational users at Pueblo Reservoir, and other state parks, about the potential impacts of zebra mussels.

    The Pueblo State Fish Hatchery, which receives its water supply from Pueblo Reservoir, will undergo an assessment regarding options to prevent the spread of adult mussels and/or veligers. Sampling inspections have been conducted to determine if zebra mussels or larvae are present in the hatchery unit, to date none have been detected. Pueblo Hatchery raises a variety of warm and cold water species of fish (walleye, bluegill, crappie, channel catfish, smallmouth bass, wiper, rainbow, cutthroat X rainbow hybrid, and brown trout) and distributes these fish across the state each year. No fish are planned to be stocked from the Pueblo Hatchery until April this year. Effective water treatment options exist to eliminate zebra mussel adults and/or veligers prior to the fish being stocked.

    All boaters and other water craft recreational users should take simple, precautionary steps every time they go to a lake, river or stream.

    Before leaving a lake or other waterway, always:

    CLEAN the hull of your boat.

    DRAIN the water from the boat, livewell and the lower unit of the engine.

    DRY the boat, fishing gear, and equipment.

    INSPECT all exposed surfaces.

    REMOVE all plant and animal material.
    Remember, many of these aquatic hitchhikers can harm your boat as well. These invaders will attach themselves to boats and can cause damage to boat motors if they block the flow of cooling water through the engine.

    However, zebra mussels do not pose a known threat to human health. Biologists are concerned that zebra mussels may cause ecological shifts in the lakes they invade, with consequences to valued wildlife resources. Because these invasive mussels attach to hard surfaces like concrete and pipes, they will affect canals, aqueducts, water intakes and dams, resulting in increased maintenance costs for those facilities.

    The zebra mussel gets its name from the black- (or dark brown) and white-striped markings that appear on its shell. Zebra mussels are native to the Caspian, Black, and Azov seas of Eastern Europe.
    These exotic mussels were first discovered in the United States in Lake Saint Clair, Michigan, in 1988 and are believed to have been introduced in 1986 through ballast water discharge from ocean-going ships. Since their initial discovery, zebra mussels have spread rapidly throughout the Great Lakes and Mississippi River Basin states and other watersheds throughout the eastern and central United States.

    The primary method of overland dispersal of these mussels is through human-related activities. Given their ability to attach to hard surfaces and survive out of water, many infestations have occurred by adult mussels hitching rides on watercraft. The microscopic larvae also can be transported in bilges, ballast water, live wells, or any other equipment that holds water.

    They are primarily algae feeders. They feed by filtering up to a liter of water per day through a siphon. These mussels consume large portions of the microscopic plants and animals that form the base of the food web. The removal of significant amounts of phytoplankton from the water can cause a shift in native species and a disruption of the ecological balance a lake or other waterway.

    These mussels can settle in massive colonies that can block water intake and affect municipal water supply and agricultural irrigation and power plant operation. In the United States, Congressional researchers estimated that zebra mussels alone cost the power industry $3.1 billion in the 1993-1999 period, with their impact on industries, businesses, and communities more than $5 billion.

    For more information, visit http://www.100thmeridian.org.

    Division of Wildlife

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